Huétor Tajar is a Spanish municipality of Province of Granada, Andalusia (Southeast of Spain). The extension of the area of Huétor Tájar is approximately 40km2 and has a population of 10.134 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. Huétor-Tájar as town was born of the union of the farmhouses of Huétor and Tajara, after the destruction of the latter in 1483, although there has been a settlement virtually uninterrupted since the protohistoric period.
The town sits on the fertile plain created by the passage of the river Genil, giving it an important agricultural wealth, highlighting growing asparagus, with a specific origin designation. Around the canned products such as artichokes, asparagus and above all, sits a major food industry in the area. According Multiterritorial Information System of Andalusia, the municipality has:
• Arable area (principal. asparagus): 1.936 ha
• Surface woody crops (mainly olive): 1.266 ha
Currently, works and renovations undertaken in the General Urban Plan are changing the urban landscape of the core. Emphasizes the creation of an Open Mall and a ring road, which will prepare the municipality for the development of the tertiary sector of the economy.
Huétor Tájar City Council is integrated into the Urban Waste Consortium Provincial de Granada, resurgence, taking waste production to the transfer plant in Loja. From here, the waste is transported to a composting plant in the municipality of Alhendín, having been sealed the old landfill in Huétor Tájar. Huétor Tájar City Council takes years promoting the separation in the waste collection, placing containers for paper, glass and packaging throughout the municipality, recycling annually 270 tonnes. From 2007 to the current date Huétor Tájar City Council has promoted the creation of new green areas highlighting “El Parque de la Amistad”, “El Parque de los Patos”, “El Parque del r ecinto ferial” y “El Parque de Madroño”, going from 3m2/inhab to 11 m2/inhab.
As future major projects in which the City Council is immersed include the implementation and operation of the WWTP of Villanueva Mesía and Huétor Tájar and the reforestation project and cleaning of the Genil riverbanks as a measure of the integration of the River in the Municipality.
Speaking about energy, the City Council undertook a Municipal Energy Audit with the collaboration of the Energy Agency of Granada in the year 2007. It opted initially for reducing consumption, by achieving greater energy efficiency, making the change of public lighting lamps (125W MV to 70W HPS), equipped with flow reduction systems using bi-level ballasts.
On the other hand, the municipality opted for the use of renewable energy, so the replacement of oil boilers for more energy efficient biomass boilers took place in public buildings.
Currently a combination facility of a biomass boiler and solar panels is working in the public school “Padre Manjón“, with a public-private financial scheme in which a local private enterprise is working.
Finally, Huétor Tájar is since January 2013, one of the first towns in Andalusia with biomass district heating facilities. These facilities will save more than 80.000 € per year for the municipality. This power plant for the transformation of raw materials into energy has been possible with an investment of 315.000 € (funded by the Andalusia Government, through the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Environment, as well as by the European Union and own resources of the municipality).
The generating output power of the plant is 800 kW, and it supplies energy to several municipal facilities such as their school and sports facilities, since the power plant heat is distributed to the indoor heated pool, state “San Isidro” school, in addition to providing hot water to the municipal sports pavilion. At the moment these are the services that are included in the district heating system, although the number of municipal facilities that will have this source of energy will be expanded as well it will be enabled a connection point for heat to the Social Affairs Center.
Now the municipality is working on improving and applying the main working lines under its Sustainable Energy Action Plan, with which it aims to save an ambitious 20,01% of its CO2 emissions by 2020.
Speaking about new initiatives, as the economic crisis is affecting every program of the institution one of the main lines of work will be the next years in the field of Energy Service Companies, as the capacity of investment of the municipality is very small nowadays.
The main working lines of the SEAP are:
- BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT / FACILITIES AND INDUSTRY: installation of motion detectors in four municipal buildings, installation of solar panels, replacing diesel boilers for more energy efficient systems in municipal buildings
- BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES / INSTALLATIONS RESIDENTIAL: solar thermal in private housing, replacement of boilers with higher efficiency in the residential sector
- STREET LIGHTING: public lighting energy optimization, reactive power compensation in electrical street lighting in the municipality, replacing inefficient lighting with LED technology
- TRANSPORTATION: Actions on the infrastructure of the municipality, aimed at improving the efficiency of the use of private and commercial vehicles and the reduction of emissions.
- LOCAL ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION: Recovery of waste to produce combined heat and power, Design and implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP)
- COLLABORATION WITH CITIZENS AND STAKEHOLDERS: Promotion of the “appliance inefficient renewal plan” of the Andalusian Energy Agency in Huétor Tájar, αwareness campaign for energy saving and energy efficiency, awareness campaign for energy saving and energy efficiency for Trade and Industry Services
- WATER MANAGEMENT: reducing domestic water consumption, Reducing municipal water consumption and energy, measurements of water saving irrigation, reduced inorganic fertilizer on crops in the municipality, planting trees in the town streets.
- District heating with biomass for a Sportive and Educative complex of the municipality operating since January 2013
- Replacement of MV125W public lights by HPSV 70W-100W in the municipality
- Biomass Heating Boiler of 250kW in PADRE MANJÓN school to be completed end of 2013
- Auto consumption PV facility in public swimming pool in the Sportive complex (100 kW in the roof) to be completed end of 2013
- Connection to the District Heating system for the social affairs center to be completed in 2013
- Efficient public lighting of 300MV Lamps of 150W to HPSV 70W lamps to be developed in 2013-2014