Borsec in situated in a depression of the eastern Carpathian mountain range (Borsec Depression) on 850-900 meters above sea level, surrounded by Bistriţa, Călimani, Gurghiu and Ceahlău mountains, northern part of Harghita county. It lies in an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.The town and the surrounding areas are well known for their spas and mineral waters. The region has also several mountain creeks. It has a subalpine basin climate with small thermal variation and rare winds. The average annual temperature is 5° C. The area is covered mainly by forests (95% coniferous), and high altitude pastures.
The town of Borsec has a population of 2864 inhabitants (2011 census).
The most important economic sector in the town are bottling of mineral water and tourism, wood processing, forestry, the secondary sector is livestock breeding. An additional economic activity is exploitation of brown coal (lignite), complex of calcium and magnesium, exploitation of travertine.
The road network is difficult to maintain, the roads are in a relatively poor condition. There is no main railway close to the town. 80% of the population of Borsec have central water supply. The number of households using central electricity is 1580, the number of economic agents is 193. Most of the buildings are heated by wood, some of the pensions with light fuel.
Energy related situation:
Borsec has not signed the CoM yet and has no related action plan. The most important and most often used energy source at Borsec is wood (95%). The town uses oil fuel for heating schools, and a sawdust-fuelled boiler for heating the town’s greenhouse. In the town exist 4 or 5 solar panels on houses and 3 or 4 pellet boilers. The most important RES potential is in wood processing, solar energy (PV and thermal), waste wood biomass and hydropower.
As for the future development in the energy sector, the town plans to participate in the insulation program of the flats and houses using the state subsidy program. The town also plans to renovate one treatment centre using energy efficient methodologies. They plan to heat the building in an ecological way (e.g. sawdust fuelled boiler) and they also plan to produce the hot water by using solar energy.
The town is surrounded by large woods and the logging is a widespread activity in the area. The town would use the remained timber for heating. This means a double benefit for the town: on one hand they clean up the woods from the remained timber, on the other hand they use the material for heating. The town also plans to build small hydroelectric power plant on Borpatak creek.