Paiania is built at the foot of the eastern side of Hymettus with an average altitude of210 meters. It is surrounded by hills and it is18 km far from the center of Athens. Within its administrative boundaries there are extensive vineyards and olive groves, which are part of the wider plain vineyards, as well as a large part of the Athens International Airport “Εl. Venizelos”. The story of Paiania starts at least from the 7th century BC. It was one of the municipalities of Ancient Athens. Here was born the greatest orator of Antiquity Demosthenes Demosthenes the Paianiefs General – Admiral of Athens in the 5th century BC Forms. There is also a long list of politicians and citizens who have distinguished throughout the period of Ancient Athenian Democracy. Important historical sources tell us that there was a continued presence and activity of people both in the Roman, and during the Byzantine period. Milestone was the colonization of the area of Albanians (late 14th and early 15th century). Then Peania renamed Liopesi and early at the 20th century renamed again Paiania. Until the decade 1960-70 the vast majority of residents (under 10,000) were engaged in agriculture and less in farming. Main products were wine, which was a product processing of ancient grapes Savatiano and oil. Also a significant number of residents are occupied with sheep breeding. After 1970 there was a rapid and violent urbanization accompanied by large infrastructure projects (roads, airport, railway). This has resulted in the rapidly increase of population (now exceeding 30,000 inhabitants), in the large increase of the residential fabric and the attracting dozens of companies, large medium and small size. The consequence of these changes was the complete change of social stratification and the region’s economy. Today small percentage of active population engaged in agriculture, but still produces the traditional wine and oil products. The vast majority employed the Secondary sector (manufacturing) and tertiary (service sector, commerce, etc.). The area of the Mediterranean, in which Peania belongs, is one of the fastest growing areas of Greece in all sectors. The main infrastructure in Paiania includes the metro network, , three stadiums and many squares. The main energy resources consumed in the municipality are oil, diesel, liquid gas, gasoline and electricity. Municipality of Paiania has signed the Covenant of Mayors in 2009 (it has to resign as the new Municipality of Paiania after the merger of Kallikrates) and is preparing the SEAP that is supposed to be ready at 2013. Within the city of Paiania, the CO2 emissions are estimated at 300,000 t of CO2annually, having 2010 as a reference year. The goal set by the municipality is to reduce these emissions by 20% by2020. In order to succeed this goal the most important energy actions (included in the SEAP) are:
- Public buildings: Photovoltaic’s installation in a series of public educational buildings (there is a pre-aprroved project planning of18.000 square meters). Energy efficiency measures regarding public buildings’ envelope improvement.
- Energy Park: placement of Photovoltaic panels and wind generator at the old rubbish dump.
- Municipal street lights: Progressive replacement of municipal Street Lights with new technology LED and induction street lights.
In order to develop the SEAP, Paiania will record the current emissions and also will use the reference of year 2010 of the municipality and listed a series of energy efficiency measures to tackle energy consumption increase. During and after the implementation of SEAP actions, the municipality will monitor and revise every two years the CO2 emissions. Until 2020, Paiania will monitor and assess the achievement of the initial target, the 20.00% reduction of the CO2 emissions.