Lublin is the biggest city in eastern Poland, with the population of nearly 350 000 people. The city covers an area of 147,5 km² and is divided into 27 districts. Due to its location and historical variety of cultures, Lublin is the meeting point of East and West – technologies implemented here diffuse to the east of Europe.
Lublin is an academic city with 5 state-owned and 4 private universities. Almost 100 000 young people study in Lublin annually, making it the largest academic centre in the eastern part of Poland. The research units associated with the universities have a great scientific potential, which can also be applied to economy.
Lublin Region, with its fertile soils, is also known for agriculture. The production of organic, eco-friendly food contributes to the development of food industry. In Lublin we have a grain processing plant, a big brewery that produces „Perła” beer, a fruit and vegetable sharp freezer and cold store, a potatoes processing plant, dairy and meat industry, beekeeping industry, herbal industry, tobacco industry and confectionery factory „Solidarność”, which produces delicious sweets well-known in the whole country.
Also machine industry is developed in Lublin – including agricultural machinery production, construction industry, automotive parts industry, manufacturer of aluminum systems for the construction industry, convection heaters factory and factories producing windows and doors.
We also have businesses in the biotechnology sector – in Lublin there are located manufacturers of diagnostic tests and reagents and producers of the diet supplements.
In September 2007, a Special Economic Zone was established in Lublin. The area of Sub-zone includes over 118 hectares of land and it is planned to expand it to 200 hectares. Entrepreneurs investing in the LUBLIN Sub-zone can obtain public assistance in the form of exemption from income tax till 31 XII 2020 and from the real estate tax for three years.
Energy and environmental protection in Lublin:
There are two heat and power plants in Lublin, which are the main sources of energy consumed in the city. Both of them are privately owned. The power of the energy sources is too big considering the heat demand of the city. Approximately 60% of the heat used in Lublin is provided by the city network (430,5 km). The remaining part of the heat is produced in individual boiler rooms using gas, oil and solid fuels (carbon and wood).
CHP Lublin Wrotków is the main energy producer with a gas-steam block producing electricity and heat together with using natural gas as the basic fuel. Heat capacity is 627 MWt. Electric capacity is 231 MWe.
CHP Lublin MEGATEM is able to produce 502 MW, including 481 MWt in form of hot water and steam and 21 MWe as electricity. MEGATEM uses carbon as a fuel.
Lublin is one of the three Polish cities which have trolleybuses. There are plans of expanding the trolleybuses’ routs by 100% and purchasing several dozens of new vehicles. For now, we have 65 trolleybuses and the trolleybus route is about 32 kilometers long.
Street lighting is mostly based on sodium and metalhalogen lamps. They were installed (replacing old ones) in 2001. Since last year, on a trial basis, LED lamps have been also installed on one of the streets in the city centre (9 street lamps). LED diodes are also the main source of light in the traffic lights.
The following alternative sources of energy are used in Lublin:
- biogas created in fermentation chambers in sewage treatment plant in Hajdów; biogas is used for heat generation (to heat the installations within the sewage treatment plant), as well as electricity generation (which covers 12% of the plant’s demand);
- heat pumps (taking up the heat from the ground) installed in several industrial plants;
- heat pumps (taking up the heat from the air) in few private houses;
- solar collectors to heat up water in four municipal buildings – two schools, a centre of social aid and a special childcare centre with dormitory;
- solar collectors installed on private buildings (installed by their owners – they are not subsidized by the city).
Regarding the potential of solar energy use, in the Lublin Region the annual solar radiation is approximately 1080 kWh/m²•year. The insolation comes to almost 1600 hours a year. Maximum insolation amounts from 7 hours a day in January up to 13 hours a day in June and July.
Municipal Sport and Leisure Centre is planning to install solar collectors and heat pumps in several facilities. The city is going to install solar collectors in an indoor swimming pool and a sports hall on Łabędzia Street.
In Lublin we also have “The Programme of Limiting Low Emissions”. Beginning from 2013, the city will cover 50% of the cost of exchanging heat furnaces using solid fuels (coal and wood) with the ones using gas or oil, with heat pumps or by connecting the building to the city’s heating network. The reason of such an action is the high concentration of suspended particulates in Lublin’s air. The norms are exceeded only in winter. This is caused by „low emissions”, i.e. pollutions from chimneys of stoves used to heat up the houses. Lowering the solid particulate concentration is essential for the city as exceeding the norms is punished by fines.
Other documents describing, influencing and/or regulating energy situation of the city include:
- resolution of the City Council of Lublin concerning the plan for heat, electricity and gas fuels supply for Lublin
- “Energy Urban Audit for Lublin City”, drawn up in 2011 by Zielona Góra Technical University, in cooperation with Lublin Technical University.
Lublin also participates in various projects focusing on environmental and climate protection, including “Green Twinning” and “A Good Climate For Counties”. The main goal of the latter is to raise awareness of climate change among leaders at the county level and to stimulate initiatives in support of practical local measures to protect the climate and adapt to climate changes. It is the first and the only project in Poland (other than the forest fire protection) which received a grant for an information and promotion campaign within the LIFE+ financial instrument of the European Commission under the priority of Information and Communication. The project activities began on the 1st of September 2010 and will continue until the end of August 2015.